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Flora and Fauna
More than 90% of Danum Valley conservation area is covered
by lowland forest with the canopy reaching a height of over 70
metres in places. The balance comprises small crown: very dense,
low canopy, sub-montane forests at higher elevations. The
largest area of this forest type is found on Mount Danum in the
centre of DVCA.
At higher elevations the flora is quite different. On the
upper slopes of Mount Danum the forest canopy seldom exceeds 25m
and includes the gymnosperms Phylocladus and Podocarpus spp.
Nepenthes are common at higher elevations as well as many
species of orchid and a recently described climbing bamboo,
Research efforts in Danum have revealed a tremendous variety
of plants and a full range of Sabah’s lowland fauna, including
such rare and endangered species as the Sumatran Rhino, Banteng
(tembadau), Asian Elephant, Clouded Leopard, Orang utan,
Proboscis Monkey, Western Tarsier, Flying Lemur, Leopard Cat,
Bearded Pig, Malay Civet, Long-tailed Macaque, Slow Loris,
Clouded Leopard, Giant Flying Squirrel, Lain Pygmy Squirrel,
Malayan Sun Bear, Smooth Otter, Silvered Langur and five
species of deer including the Yellow Barking Deer, the Mouse
Deer, and the Sambar Deer.
More than 120 mammals including 10 species of primates, 40
species of fishes, over 300 species of birds, reptiles,
amphibians, a profusion of butterflies, thousands of insects,
worms, other mollusks and invertebrates are found here.
Over 300 bird species have been recorded so far at Danum,
including the Argus Pheasant, Bulwer's Pheasant, seven species
of Pitta (including the rare Giant Pitta), the Borneo
Bristlehead, a rich fauna of babblers, bulbuls and flycatchers,
and all of the 7 species of hornbill found on Borneo.
Attraction and activities
Danum Valley Conservation Area (DVCA) is an ideal location
for nature and adventure tourism, with jungle trekking, wildlife
photography and bird watching being particularly popular.
Tembaling waterfalls are the closest waterfalls to DVFC. It
takes one to two hours along a scenic trail alive with flora and
fauna to reach the waterfalls.
Sungai Purut 7-tiered pools
One of the most spectacular waterfall and pools found in
Danum Valley Conservation Area is Sungai Purut Waterfall
situated on the way to Gunung Danum. This waterfall is about 20
m in height with 7-tiered pools. It takes about 4 hours of
jungle trekking from the Field Centre to reach the pool.
Visitors can either choose to camp overnight or do a day trip.
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